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Pigmentation Treatment

Acanthosis

Acanthosis

Acanthosis nigricans is a skin condition that causes a dark discoloration in body folds and creases. It typically affects the armpits, groin and neck. Acanthosis nigricans is a skin condition characterized by areas of dark, velvety discoloration in body folds and creases. The affected skin can become thickened.

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Freckles

Freckles

Freckles are small, harmless marks that appear on the skin. Genetics and sun exposure are the primary causes of freckles.

Some people are more likely to get freckles than others, depending on their genes and skin type. If a person is genetically more likely to develop freckles, exposure to sunlight can make them appear.

Freckles are common in children and may disappear or become less noticeable as they grow up.

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Melasma

Melasma

What is Melasma?

It is a common skin problem , associated with dark brown to black patches over the face.Most people get it on their cheeks, bridge of their nose, forehead, chin, and above their upper lip. It also can appear on other parts of the body that get lots of sun, such as the forearms and neck.

Who is at risk of developing Melasma?

Women are far more likely than men to get melasma. It is so common during pregnancy that melasma is sometimes called "the mask of pregnancy.

What are the signs of melasma?

Common signs of melasma are brown or gray-brown patches on the face. These patches most commonly appear on the:

  • Cheeks
  • Forehead
  • Bridge of the nose
  • Above the upper lip
  • Chin
  • Some people get patches on their forearms or neck. This is less common.

What causes melasma?

What causes melasma is not yet clear. It likely occurs when the color-making cells in the skin (melanocytes) produce too much color.Brown skinned people(Indian skin) are more prone to melasma because they have more active melanocytes than people with light skin.

Common melasma triggers include:

  • Sun exposure: Ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun stimulates the melanocytes. In fact, just a small amount of sun exposure can make melasma return after fading. Sun exposure is why melasma often is worse in summer. It also is the main reason why many people with melasma get it again and again.
  • A change in hormones: Pregnant women often get melasma. When melasma appears in pregnant women, it is called chloasma, or the mask of pregnancy. Birth control pills and hormone replacement medicine also can trigger melasma.

  • Skin care products: If a product irritates your skin, melasma can worsen

How do dermatologists treat melasma?

Melasma can fade on its own. This usually happens when a trigger, such as a pregnancy or birth control pills, causes the melasma. When a woman delivers her baby or stops taking the birth control pills, melasma can fade. However, some people have melasma for years, or even a lifetime.

Some melasma treatments are available. These include:

  • Hydroquinone : This medicine is a common first treatment for melasma. It is applied to the skin and works by lightening the skin.
  • Tretinoin and corticosteroids: Sometimes a medicine contains three medicines (hydroquinone, tretinoin, and a corticosteroid) in one cream. This is often called a triple cream.
  • Other topical medicines : Azelaic acid,Arbutin, kojic acid,Licorice extract to help lighten melasma.

  • Procedures :Procedures for melasma include a chemical peel, microdermabrasion, dermabrasion, laser treatment, or a light-based procedure. Only a dermatologist should perform these procedures.

New skin problems can occur when the person who gives the treatment does not tailor it to the patient’s skin type.
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Acne spots

Acne spots

Acne is a common skin problem. It is commonly called breakouts or pimples and can happen at any age. Usually starting when people are in their early teens, acne can continue into a person’s 30s or 40s. In some individuals, acne can start later in life even if a person never had acne as a teenager. Acne can occur on the face, chest, shoulders and back. It can be very mild with only a few pimples or severe with cysts (larger bumps under the skin) and scarring. Acne can be frustrating, but it is treatable.

For skin of color patients who develop acne, the secondary skin color changes can be of primary importance. Specifically, dark spots from acne, referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), is often a chief complaint.

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Dark Circles

Dark Circles

Dark circles under the eyes are a common complaint of both men and women, although they can occasionally be seen in children. As people age, the skin becomes thinner and collagen is lost, sometimes enhancing the appearance of blood vessels beneath the eyes and making the area appear darker. Dark circles under the eyes are not necessarily a sign of tiredness, but stress and fatigue seem to worsen the facial appearance of many people, including their tendency to develop dark circles.

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Tanning

Tanning

Tanning is the process of melanin (skin pigment) increase caused by exposure to sunlight. This is the body's natural way of shielding the skin from sun damage.

Areas Prone To Tan

  • Face
  • Arms
  • Hands
  • Legs
  • Feet
  • Back
  • Neck
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